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What is a Deutzia Shrub?

what-is-a-deutzia-shrub?

Here’s an in-depth look at the deutzia shrub where you can learn about its characteristics, growing conditions, uses, and some of its species. We’ve also included some interesting faqs about these charming flowering plants.

Genus Deutzia

The genus deutzia is comprised of 60 flowering plants that are all part of the hydrangea botanical family (hydrangeaceae). They produce clusters of beautiful flowers in a similar fashion to the hydrangea plant.

Deutzia shrubs are a wonderful choice for a garden plant if you happen to live in an area that is covered by large trees. Though we love trees around here, there aren’t many flowering plants that are shade tolerant! But when it comes to the deutzia, they are capable of a prosperous bloom season in full shade.

The deutzia plant is just one of many species that we cover in our huge list of Beautiful Flowering Plants from all over the world. We cover everything from succulents, to ornamental grasses, to shrubs, and much more!

Table of Contents

What do Deutzia Shrubs Look Like?

Flowers

Deutzia shrubs produce flowers in the form of stunning racemes. These flower clusters are very similar in appearance to hydrangea flowers.

Some deutzia flowers are more elongated in shape, while others are gently drooping, and some are bell shaped. Certain species will bear flowers in panicles of corymbs.

Flowers will appear for just a short 2 weeks during the early spring or mid summer. They will usually emerge as elegant pink flowers, but may also be white or red.

Once a flower is pollinated it will produce fruit in the form of a small dry capsule that contains many small seeds. These capsules will then dry up and release the seeds which will then be wind dispersed or dispersed through animal droppings.

Leaves

Deutzia shrubs will be either deciduous or evergreen depending on their growing region. They will keep their leaves in warmer climates, but will shed them in colder climates.

A deutzia leaf is simple in shape with a serrated margin. It is oppositely arranged along the stem. Leaves are a light green color, though certain species will develop leaves with a beautiful fall color in autumn.

Growth Pattern

Deutzia shrubs will vary in size, but will usually grow to be between 1 and 4 metres in height. This multi stemmed deciduous shrub will stand either erect or exhibit more of a ground cover mounded habit.

Branches grow in an arching habit which gives the appearance of a cascading or weeping shrub. In the winter, bark will peel away to reveal a beautiful orange color, bringing ornamental value into the winter months, too!

What are some Common Deutzia Species?

Fuzzy Deutzia (Deutzia Scabra)

The fuzzy deutzia is one of the oldest varieties in cultivation, and has been present in Japanese ornamental gardens for centuries.

This flowering shrub grows up to 3 metres tall and produces clusters of small white flowers that resemble cotton balls, hence the name, fuzzy deutzia.

This ornamental variety is wonderfully shade tolerant. It will still bloom profusely if it exists in full shade conditions.

Slender Deutzia (Deutzia Gracilis)

The slender deutzia is by far the most popular of the deutzia species for ornamental planting. They are a specimen that can bear a white flower that blooms in the late spring.

This plant will usually grow to be about 1 metre tall, but there is a cultivar called the deutzia gracilis ‘nikko that has been cultivated to be about half of that size. It is valued for its arching branches that touch the soil and take root, creating new specimens.

This variety can tolerate nearly any level of sun exposure, a great variety of soils, and is a wonderfully resilient plant that is easy to propagate.

Yuki Cherry Blossom (Deutzia x Yuki Cherry Blossom)

The yuki cherry blossom is a very new deutzia cultivar, and it is the first ever to bear pink flowers! Gardeners everywhere are very excited.

This variety produces pink flowers that are bell shaped and bloom in the early spring. It is a shade tolerant plant that is also naturally deer resistant.

It is often used for mass planting because of its carpet of flower color and its attractive mounded growth habit. It is a wonderful option for a ground cover plant.

Where are Deutzia Plants Native to?

Deutzia plants cover a wide growing range, and they are native plants to eastern and central Asia. They also grow in the wild in central America and Europe. They grow most prosperously from the Himalayas, eastward to Japan and throughout the Philippines as well.

These plants are both cold hardy and tolerant of heat. In colder far eastern regions they are a deciduous shrub that will re-bloom once winter is over. In more mild climates (like certain European countries) they tend to flower quite early, though it is often spoiled but unexpected frost.

What are the Growing Conditions of Deutzias?

Deutzias are wonderfully simple to care for, which is not always the case with such beautiful specimens. Whether you’re looking to plant them right in the ground or in outdoor pots, any skill level of gardener can successfully incorporate their own deutzia shrub as long as they can abide by the following requirements:

Soil Type

Deutzia plants can tolerate many different soil types derived from almost anything, though they prefers soils that are humus loam. Acidity level may also vary.

Soil should be well drained and kept moist. This plant can be damaged by poorly drained soils or young plants can perish from soil that remains dry for too long.

Sun Exposure

It tends to vary from species to species, but many deutzia plants are wonderfully shade tolerant. There are some that prefer to live in full sun or partial shade, but many species will still experience a full and prosperous blooming season in full shade – this is quite rare for flowering plants!

Water Level

Deutzia plants require a moderate level of water and will usually do fine with natural precipitation and humidity in their natural growing ranges. Simply ensure that soil remains moist, though well established plants are very drought tolerant.

Temperature

Deutzias are moderately cold hardy, and exist in USDA growing zones 5 through 8. They will usually drop their fall color leaves in colder climates, but will remain evergreen in warmer climates.

Pruning

The most high maintenance aspect of the deutzia shrub is pruning. A good prune is required every year in order for the plant to look its absolute best. Pruning should always be done immediately after they have finished flowering.

It will flower on second years’ growth, and it you prune too late in the season there is the risk of accidentally pruning away the flower buds, and effectively removing the possibility of the following years bloom.

Fertilizer

It is suggested to wait to use fertilizer on a deutzia shrub until after their first active growing period. Once the plant is better established, it will respond positively to a light and balanced granular fertilizer.

Fertilizing your shrub increases the possibility of a more prosperous and lengthy blooming season, and will help the shrub grow back vigorously after it is pruned.

Intolerances

As you can see, the deutzia is a surprisingly easy plant to care for! It does not have any strict intolerances – other than waterlogged soils – but this is the case with most plants!

How is the Deutzia Plant Used?

Ornamental Plant

Deutzias are valued for their stunning racemes of white flowers and pink flowers, and many have been in cultivation for centuries because of this ornamental flora.

These beautiful landscape plants can be used for mass planting, as a shrub border plant, they are often planted in outdoor containers, or can be used as facer plants (to help cover the bases of larger shrubs).

FAQs

Are deutzia plants deer resistant?

The deutzia is a naturally deer resistant and rabbit resistant plant. Due to its groundcover growth habit it also has the capability of somewhat protecting plants that are less deer resistant.

What hardiness zone do deutzias grow in?

Deutzias are moderately cold hardy, and exist in USDA growing zones 5 through 8. They will usually drop their fall color leaves in colder climates, but will remain evergreen in warmer climates.

Can deutzias grow from cuttings?

The deutzia plant can be propagated by taking soft root cuttings in the summer. Placing them in potting mix will have them taking root in a few short weeks where they can then be planted in a partially shaded area in your garden.

How should you prune a deutzia plant?

The most high maintenance aspect of the deutzia shrub is pruning. A good prune is required every year in order for the plant to look its absolute best. Pruning should always be done immediately after they have finished flowering.

It will flower on second years’ growth, and it you prune too late in the season there is the risk of accidentally pruning away the flower buds, and effectively removing the possibility of the following years bloom.

Do deutzias need fertilizer?

It is suggested to wait to use fertilizer on a deutzia shrub until after their first active growing period. Once the plant is better established, it will respond positively to a light and balanced granular fertilizer.

Fertilizing your shrub increases the possibility of a more prosperous and lengthy blooming season, and will help the shrub grow back vigorously after it is pruned.

Do pollinators like deutzia flowers?

The sweet aroma of deutzia flower nectar is a great attractor for pollinators like bees and butterflies. This is very beneficial for them as deutzia flowers are sometimes one of the first blossoms to emerge in the early spring.

When do deutzia flowers bloom?

Deutzia shrubs produce flowers in the form of stunning racemes. These flower clusters are very similar in appearance to hydrangea flowers.

Some deutzia flowers are more elongated in shape, while others are gently drooping, and some are bell shaped. Certain species will bear flowers in panicles of corymbs.

Flowers will appear for just a short 2 weeks during the early spring or mid summer. They will usually emerge as elegant pink flowers, but may also be white or red.

Do deutzia flowers grow in shade?

It tends to vary from species to species, but many deutzia plants are wonderfully shade tolerant. There are some that prefer to live in full sun or partial shade, but many species will still experience a full and prosperous blooming season in full shade – this is quite rare for flowering plants!

How big does a deutzia shrub get?

Deutzia shrubs will vary in size, but will usually grow to be between 1 and 4 metres in height. This multi stemmed deciduous shrub will stand either erect or exhibit more of a ground cover mounded habit.

Are deutzias deciduous or evergreen?

Deutzia shrubs will be either deciduous or evergreen depending on their growing region. They will keep their leaves in warmer climates, but will shed them in colder climates.

What type of soil does a deutzia shrub prefer?

Deutzia plants can tolerate many different soil types derived from almost anything, though they prefers soils that are humus loam. Acidity level may also vary.

Soil should be well drained and kept moist. This plant can be damaged by poorly drained soils or young plants can perish from soil that remains dry for too long.

How often should a deutzia be watered?

Deutzia plants require a moderate level of water and will usually do fine with natural precipitation and humidity in their natural growing ranges. Simply ensure that soil remains moist, though well established plants are very drought tolerant.

Will deutzia survive winter?

It is best to plant a deutzia shrub in the fall so that it can develop its root system before the winter season hits. It will go dormant during the winter months and experience a growth spurt in the spring. They can also be planted in outdoor pots covered in mulch to help protect the roots of the plant.

Why is it called a deutzia?

The deutzia gets its name in honor of a botanist named Joan van der Deutz from Amsterdam who discovered the beautiful shrub.

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