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27 Vegetables and Herbs (Combinations for a Happy Symbiotic Garden)

27-vegetables-and-herbs-(combinations-for-a-happy-symbiotic-garden)

If you are looking to supplement your symbiotic garden, here are 27 different vegetables and herbs along with their combinations for a happy symbiotic garden.


A healthy garden makes a happy home, and if taken care of, it can sustain you throughout every season (curious about food preservation? Read about it here!) We discuss symbiotic gardening practices in a previous article and wanted to create a more comprehensive list of great pairings to make in your fruit and vegetable garden.

After hundreds of years of observation, humans have made a wise effort in attempting to understand plant relationships, and learning from them about how to live in harmony. Symbiotic gardening practices are thankfully becoming more well known, and the efforts are apparent whenever it comes time to harvest.

The Big Guns

Here we’re going to go a little bit more in-depth into a few plants, to describe in detail what pairing them with another plant will look like.

Orange Nasturtium: a lovely perennial flower that attracts whiteflies. This plant is quite the martyr, as it deters attention from your precious cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage, and lettuce and onto itself. Sacrifice for benefit of the whole.

Rosemary: This is a wonderful herb to pair with carrots, sage, cabbage, and broccoli. The other herbs and vegetables thrive, while the scent of the rosemary repels pests like cabbage moths and flies. (It also goes great in sweet and savory dishes alike.)

Marigolds: not only are they a fantastic color, but these are also the ultimate pollinator attractors! And it doesn’t end there. Marigolds attract hoverflies. Why is this good? Because hoverflies are predatory to twitch grass, plant lice, and greenflies.

Garlic: better known for shielding us against vampires, it actually does the same with pests! Grow garlic with tomatoes, kale, and strawberries, and you’ll never see a spider mite again.

The Big List

There is an almost infinite number of successful fruit and vegetable pairings that can be made. So here is a compacted list of 27 veggies and herbs and what they get along with under the soil.

1. Asparagus 

Pair: basil, parsley, tomato

2. Basil 

Pair: pepper, tomato

3. Beans

Pair: beet, carrot, cauliflower, corn, cucumber, marigold, potato, strawberry

Avoid: fennel, garlic, onion

4. Beets

Pair: beans, broccoli, cabbage, collard greens, kale, onion

Avoid: pole bean, mustard seed

5. Broccoli 

Pair: beet, dill, onion, oregano, peppermint, potato, rosemary, sage

Avoid: beans, mustard seed, strawberry, tomato

6. Cabbage

Pair: beet, dill, onion, oregano, peppermint, potato, rosemary, sage

Avoid: beans, mustard seed, strawberry, tomato

7. Carrot

Pair: lettuce, onion, pea, rosemary, sage, tomato

Avoid: dill

8. Chard

Pair: mint, lettuce, radish

9. Cilantro 

Pair: carrot, chard, radish

Avoid: fennel

10. Collard Greens

Pair: tomato

11. Corn

Pair: artichoke, bean, cucumber, marigold, pea, potato, pumpkin, sunflower

12. Cucumbers

Pair: bean, corn, okra, pea, radish, sunflower

Avoid: lavender, lemon balm, mint, potato

13. Eggplant

Pair: bean, okra

14. Garlic

Pair: kale, tomato, strawberry

Avoid: bean, pea

15. Lavender 

Pair: broccoli, collard greens, kale

16. Lettuce

Pair: carrot, cucumber, radish, strawberry

Avoid: cabbage, parsley

17. Mint

Pair: cabbage, tomato

Avoid: chamomile

18. Okra

Pair: cucumber, eggplant, sweet pepper

19. Onion

Pair: beet, strawberry, tomato

Avoid: bean, pea

20. Peas

Pair: bean, carrot, corn, cucumber, lemon balm, mint, potato, radish

Avoid: garlic, onion

21. Pumpkin

Pair: bean, corn

Avoid: potato

22. Radish

Pair: bean, beet, carrot, cucumber, lettuce, spinach, tomato

Avoid: potato

23. Sage

Pair: cabbage, carrot, oregano, rosemary

Avoid: cucumber

24. Spinach

Pair: collard greens, mustard seed, strawberry

25. Squash

Pair: bean, corn, clover

26. Strawberries

Pair: bean, borage, lettuce, spinach

Avoid: cabbage

27. Tomatoes

Pair: asparagus, bee balm, calendula, carrot, garlic, parsley, onion

Avoid: cabbage, corn, potato

What do you think?

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